World · August 5, 2022

War in Ukraine: all the key developments to know from Friday

Outrage in Kiev after Amnesty accuses her of endangering the lives of civilians

Ukraine reacted furiously to an Amnesty International report accusing it of trampling civilians in the country’s fight against Russia.

In a report, the humanitarian organization said the Ukrainian military endangered civilians by placing bases and weapons in residential areas, including schools and hospitals, as it sought to repel the Russian invasion.

“Ukraine’s tactics violated international humanitarian law by turning civilian objects into military targets,” Amnesty said. “Subsequent Russian attacks in populated areas killed civilians and destroyed civilian infrastructure.”

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy denounced the results.

Amnesty “transfers the responsibility from the aggressor to the victim,” he said in his daily video speech, accusing the NGO of “attempting to grant amnesty to the terrorist state” of Russia.

On Friday evening, the head of Amnesty International Ukraine resigned. Oksana Pokalchuk said his team was not consulted about the report.

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Putin seeks to extend economic ties with Turkey while hosting Erdogan in Sochi

Moscow is seeking an agreement to strengthen economic cooperation with Ankara, Russian President Vladimir Putin said Friday while hosting his counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in the southern city of Sochi.

The meeting took place as the Kremlin invasion of Ukraine continued into the sixth month.

“I hope that today we can sign a memorandum to strengthen our economic and trade ties,” Putin said at the beginning of the meeting with Erdoğan, which was broadcast on Russian television.

The Kremlin leader thanked the Turkish president for his efforts to reach an agreement between Moscow and Kiev on the delivery of grain from Ukrainian Black Sea ports.

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Zelenskyy accuses Russia of “nuclear terrorism” for the attack on the power plant

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said Friday that Russia must take responsibility for the “terrorist act” at the Zaporizhia nuclear power plant, one of the largest in Europe.

The plant is occupied by the Russian army and has been targeted by air strikes that Moscow and Kiev accuse the other of having carried out.

“Today the occupiers created another extremely risky situation for all of Europe: they hit the Zaporizhia nuclear power plant twice, the largest on our continent,” Zelensky said in a video message.

“Any bombing of this site is a blatant crime, an act of terror. Russia must take responsibility for the very fact of creating a threat to a nuclear power plant,” he continued.

A high-voltage line was damaged in the latest attack, resulting in the shutdown of one of the plant’s reactors.

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said on Tuesday that the situation is “volatile” in the Zaporizhia power plant and is becoming “more and more dangerous day by day”.

When the plan was revived in March, the Russian military had opened fire on the site’s buildings, posing the risk of a serious nuclear accident.

Three more shipments of wheat leave Ukraine

Three other ships carrying thousands of tons of corn left Ukrainian ports on Friday and traveled into the minewaters to inspect their cargo overdue, a sign that an international agreement to export grain has held out since Russia invaded the country. ‘Ukraine was slowly progressing. But there are major obstacles to be faced in getting food to the countries that need it most.

Ships bound for Ireland, the UK and Turkey follow the first cargo of grain to cross the Black Sea since the start of the war. The passage of that ship bound for Lebanon earlier this week was the first as part of the revolutionary deal brokered by Turkey and the United Nations with Russia and Ukraine.

The first ships to leave are among more than a dozen bulk carriers and merchant ships loaded months ago but stuck in ports since Russia invaded in late February. While the resumption of shipments has raised hopes of easing a global food crisis, much of the reserve cargo goes to animal feed, not people to eat, experts say.

The Black Sea region is dubbed the granary of the world, with Ukraine and Russia leading global suppliers of wheat, corn, barley and sunflower oil that millions of poor people in Africa, the Middle East and parts of Asia rely on for survival. .

However, the initial shipments are not expected to have a significant impact on the global price of corn, wheat and soy. Exports under the agreement are starting slowly and cautiously due to the threat of explosive mines floating off Ukraine’s Black Sea coast.

And while Ukraine is a major exporter of wheat to developing countries, there are other countries, such as the United States and Canada, with much higher production levels that can affect global wheat prices. And they face the threat of drought.

Russia bans dozens of Canadians in a new sanctions move

Russia announced on Friday that it will ban 62 Canadians, including political and military officials, priests and journalists, from entering its territory in response to recent Canadian sanctions against Russian personalities.

This decision was made “in consideration of the particularly hostile nature of (Canadian) Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s regime” and in response to actions aimed at “insulting not only the multinational and multi-religious people of Russia, but also Orthodox believers around the world” , the Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

In recent months, Canada has imposed a series of sanctions against Moscow due to the Ukrainian conflict, which have specifically targeted Patriarch Kirill, head of the Russian Orthodox Church.

Some of the Canadians on Friday’s list include Canadian Foreign Ministry spokesman Adrien Blanchard; Catholic priest and editor of the Convivum magazine Raymond J. de Souza; Canadian Armed Forces Intelligence Commander Michael Charles Wright; as well as several advisers to Canadian Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland and LGBT activist Brent Hawkes.