The idea was to isolate him, to make him a pariah, to put him in a box as punishment for brazen violations of international law. They kicked him out of their world leaders’ clubhouse, cut off his country’s economy, even issued an arrest warrant against him for war crimes.
But Vladimir V. Putin does not look all that isolated these days. Mr. Putin, the Russian president with czar envy who invaded neighboring Ukraine without provocation, killing or injuring hundreds of thousands, is having something of a moment in the United States.
With the help of a populist former Fox News star and America’s richest man, Mr. Putin has gained a platform to justify his actions even as Russian and American journalists languish in his prisons. His favored candidate is poised to win the Republican presidential nomination while Congress weighs abandoning Ukraine to the tender mercies of Russian invaders.
Mr. Putin’s filibuster-style appearance with Tucker Carlson on Elon Musk’s social media platform amid the security aid debate on Capitol Hill driven by Donald J. Trump offers a moment to reflect on the head-spinning transformation of American politics in recent years. A Republican Party that once defined itself through muscular resistance to Russia has turned increasingly toward a form of neo-isolationism with, in some quarters, strains of sympathy for Moscow.
Instead of a ruthless autocrat seeking to conquer territory through the most violent war in Europe since the Nazis fell, Mr. Putin has made himself into something of a like-minded ally of certain right-wing forces in the United States, not least of all Mr. Trump, who praised his aggression as “genius” just before Russian forces stormed across the border into Ukraine in 2022. And Mr. Putin seems to be prevailing in the American capital in a way that would have once been unthinkable, with the help of a party that still pays homage to Ronald Reagan.
“For Putin, it’s a manifestation of the American weakness,” said Yevgenia Albats, an independent Russian journalist who moved to the United States last year after threats of prosecution. To Mr. Putin, she said, the Carlson interview proves that “Americans realized that they lost the war with him” and were “sending him a close-to-the-next-president envoy to confirm his success.” It also serves a domestic purpose for Mr. Putin, she added. “It is a message to elites, who are arguing the cease-fire: You see, Americans blinked.”
American politics did not need Mr. Putin to roil it. The rise of nativism, populism and polarization are homegrown phenomena with historical roots. After decades of a rough Cold War bipartisan consensus on America’s role in the world, globalization, mass immigration and foreign wars have discredited the old thinking for many and opened the door to figures like Mr. Trump, whose promise to put “America first” resonated in broad swaths of the country.
The change, nonetheless, has hardly been more startling than when it comes to Mr. Putin, whose government has spent years pumping disinformation into American social media. Casting himself as a defender of traditional civilization against moral decay in the West, a place of “outright Satanism” with “various supposed genders,” Mr. Putin has built something of a following in the United States.
More than one in four Americans, or 26 percent, has a favorable view of the Russian leader, according to a survey by YouGov, up from just 15 percent in early 2021 before the full-scale invasion of Ukraine a year later. Even if that number is an outlier compared with other surveys, it suggests there is a certain audience for the master of the Kremlin.
Mr. Carlson is among those who have grown more willing to listen and convey Russia’s message to Americans. As others have noted, Mr. Carlson used to refer to Mr. Putin as the “Russian dictator” who is “in league with our enemies,” but now he argues that Moscow has been misunderstood, or at least not heard. His commentaries assailing Ukraine have been gleefully repeated on Russian state media.
In a video explaining his decision to interview Mr. Putin, Mr. Carlson asserted that Americans and other English-speaking people were unaware of what was really happening regarding the war in Ukraine. “No one has told them the truth,” he said. “Their media outlets are corrupt. They lie to their readers and viewers.”
Never mind that even the Kremlin said Mr. Carlson was not telling the truth when he said that he was giving Mr. Putin a platform because “not a single Western journalist has bothered to interview” him. Plenty of Western news organizations have requested interviews since the 2022 invasion, as confirmed by Dmitri S. Peskov, Mr. Putin’s spokesman, but the Kremlin chose Mr. Carlson because it saw him as more open than “the traditional Anglo-Saxon media.”
The two-hour interview posted online on Thursday night was not exactly gripping video. Mr. Putin rolled right over Mr. Carlson’s opening questions to deliver a nearly half-hour lecture on the history of Russia and Ukraine going back to the year 832, followed by his typical litany of grievances about the West. Mr. Carlson pressed Mr. Putin to release Evan Gershkovich, the Wall Street Journal reporter arrested in Russia a year ago on espionage charges that he and his employer have vehemently denied, but barely challenged the Russian leader and let him talk at length uninterrupted.
His decision to give Mr. Putin such a venue triggered a predictable wave of outrage. Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton called Mr. Carlson a “useful idiot,” adopting Lenin’s phrase for Western stooges, and former Representative Adam Kinzinger, Republican of Illinois, called him “a traitor.”
Mrs. Clinton went on to suggest that the interview underscored a broader and disturbing phenomenon in the United States. “It’s a sign that there are people in this country right now who are like a fifth column for Vladimir Putin,” she said on MSNBC this week.
Among those most frustrated by that are traditional Republicans like Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the party’s leader in the Senate, who faces growing skepticism about Ukraine aid in his own conference.
While 11 Senate Republicans voted against aid to Ukraine in May 2022, shortly after the invasion, 31 voted not to advance aid on Thursday and it remains unclear whether House Republicans will permit a vote on the package.
Mr. Kinzinger, who broke with Mr. Trump and became one of his most vocal critics, recalled that Republicans used to assail President Barack Obama for not doing more to help Ukraine when Russia first seized Crimea in 2014. By contrast, Mr. Kinzinger wrote on social media on Thursday, “Todays GOP would have attacked Obama in 2014 for doing too much for Ukraine.”
Waiting in the wings is Mr. Trump, determined to win back his old office. While Robert S. Mueller’s investigators in 2019 found no criminal conspiracy between Mr. Trump and Mr. Putin’s Russia during the 2016 campaign, the former president’s enigmatic affinity for the Russian ruler remains pronounced and, to many, still baffling.
Even in a recent campaign speech, Mr. Trump approvingly cited Mr. Putin’s opinion to argue that the Justice Department was unfairly prosecuting him, quoting the Russian saying that the legal case against the former president “shows the rottenness of the American political system.”
At other moments, Mr. Trump has refused to say whether he hopes Russia or Ukraine will win the war and has indicated that he would happily trade away Ukrainian territory to induce Russia to end the conflict.
Mr. Putin has taken note. As he gets his message out on social media, watches American lawmakers balk at arming the victims of his aggression and awaits the outcome of the presidential race, the Russian leader sees a path out of the penalty box.